Matania Ben Artzi: Non-Concentration for the acoustic operator in layered media

Date: 2024-06-13

Time: 11:10 - 12:00

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Matania Ben Artzi, Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Consider the operator \(A=-\tilde{c}\Delta\) acting in bounded domains \(\Omega:=\Omega’\times (0,H)\subseteq\mathbb{R}^{d}\times\mathbb{R}_+.\) The diffusion coefficient \(\tilde{c}>0\) depends on one coordinate \(y\in (0,H)\) and is bounded but may be discontinuous. This corresponds to the physical model of “layered media”, appearing in acoustics, elasticity, optical fibers… Dirichlet boundary conditions are assumed. In general, for each \(\varepsilon>0,\) the set of eigenfunctions is divided into a disjoint union of three subsets : \(\mathfrak{F}_{NG}\) (non-guided), \,\(\mathfrak{F}_{G}\) (guided) and \(\mathfrak{F}_{res}\) (residual). The residual set shrinks as \(\varepsilon \to 0.\) The customary physical terminology of guided/non-guided is often replaced in the mathematical literature by concentrating/non-concentrating solutions, respectively. For guided waves, the assumption of “layered media” enables us to obtain rigorous estimates of their exponential decay away from concentration zones. The case of non-guided waves has attracted less attention in the literature. It leads to some very interesting questions concerning oscillatory solutions and their asymptotic properties. Classical asymptotic methods are available for \(c(y)\in C^2\) but a lesser degree of regularity excludes such methods. The associated eigenfunctions (in \(\mathfrak{F}_{NG}\)) are oscillatory. However, this fact by itself does not exclude the possibility of “flattening out” of the solution between two consecutive zeros, leading to concentration in the complementary segment. Non-concentration is established if \(c(y)\) is of bounded variation, by proving a \textit{“minimal amplitude hypothesis”}. However the validity of such results when \(c(y)\) is not of bounded variation (even if it is continuous) remains an open problem. (joint work with A. Benabdallah and Y. Dermenjian)