The Liouville Theorem and linear operators satisfying the maximum principle

Date: 2022-12-06

Time: 15:00 - 16:00

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Felix del Teso 


The classical Liouville Theorem states that bounded harmonic functions are constant. The talk will revisit this result for the most general class of linear operators with constant coefficients satisfying the maximum principle (characterized by Courr`ege in [2]). The class includes local and nonlocal and not necessarily symmetric operators among which you can find the fractional Laplacian, Relativistic Schr ̈odinger operators, convolution operators, CGMY, as well as discretizations of them.
We give a full characterization of the operators in this class satisfying the Liouville property. When the Liouville property does not hold, we also establish precise periodicity sets of the solutions.
The techniques and proofs of [1] combine arguments from PDEs, group the- ory, number theory and numerical analysis (and still, they are simple, short, and very intuitive).
[1] N. Alibaud, F. del Teso, J. Endal, and E. R. Jakobsen. The Liouville theorem and linear operators satisfying the maximum principle. Journal de Math ́ematiques Pures et Appliqu ́ees, 142:229–242, 2020.
[2] P. Courr`ege. G ́en ́erateur infinit ́esimal d’un semi-groupe de convolution sur Rn, et formule de L ́evy-Khinchine. Bull. Sci. Math. (2), 88:3–30, 1964.
Joint work with N. Alibaud (Laboratorie de Math ́ematiques de Besan ̧con), J. Endal (Universidad Aut ́onoma de Madrid) and E. R. Jakobsen (Norwegian University of Science and Technology).